Illinois state quick facts
|Nickname||Land of Lincoln|
The name 'Illinois' was derived from Illini Indian's word for themselves - 'Illiniwek' - which literally meant 'people who speak the regular way'. The current spelling and pronunciation came from the French explorers and settlers
How did Illinois get its name?
Facts about Illinois state
Illinois is nicknamed 'Land of Lincoln' as Abraham Lincoln, though born in Kentucky, grew up in Illinois and called it his home state. The state's previous nickname was 'the Prairie State'.
Why Illinois is called the 'Land of Lincoln'?
Chicago, Illinois originally won the bid to host the 1904 Olympics, but the organizers of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis began to plan for its own sports activities, threatening to eclipse the Olympic Games unless they were moved to St. Louis. Pierre de Coubertin gave in and moved the games to St. Louis. Though Chicago was the first American city to win the bid to host Olympics, it could never host the Olympics.
Facts about Illinois state
Built in 1885, Home Insurance Building in Chicago, Illinois was the first skyscraper in the world.
Chicago O'Hare International Airport (ORD) is the second-busiest airport in the world by number of takeoffs and landings. Initially called Orchard Field Airport, the airport was renamed "O'Hare International Airport" to honor Edward O'Hare, the U.S. Navy's first flying ace and Medal of Honor recipient in World War II.
The Chicago River is the one of the few in the world that was made to flow backwards. The Chicago River's flow was permanently reversed in 1900 using a series of canal locks to reverse the flow and empty sewage into the Mississippi, instead of Lake Michigan. This monumental feat of engineering achievement named a 'Civil Engineering Monument of the Millennium' by the American Society of Civil Engineers.
Go back river
Springfield's original name was Calhoun, after Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina. In 1832, the town renamed itself Springfield after Springfield, Massachusetts. Kaskaskia was the first capital of the Illinois Territory from its organization in 1809, continuing through statehood in 1818, and through the first year as a state in 1819. Vandalia was the second state capital of Illinois from 1819 to 1839. Springfield became the third and current capital of Illinois in 1839.
The Chicago Post Office at 433 West Van Buren is the only postal facility in the world you can drive a car through.
Robert Pershing Wadlow, also known as the Giant of Illinois, was an American who became famous as the tallest person ever in human recorded history for whom there is irrefutable evidence. He was born and raised in Alton, Illinois. Wadlow reached 8 ft 11.1 inches in height and weighed 490 lb (220 kg) at his death at age 22.
Illinois generates more electricity from nuclear power than any other state in the country and accounts for about 10% of national nuclear generation. The state hosts 11 operating nuclear reactors that account for about 50% of electricity generation in Illinois.
The 108-story 1,450-foot (442.1 m) Willis Tower in Chicago, built as and still commonly referred to as Sears Tower, is the second-tallest building in the United States and the Western hemisphere. At completion in 1973, it surpassed the World Trade Center towers in New York to become the tallest building in the world, a title it held for nearly 25 years until Petronas Towers of Malaysia surpassed it. Fazlur Rahman is the architect for the building.